Combination of platelet-rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of moderate and severe osteoarthritis of the knee joint
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Keywords

knee OA
inter-articular injection
PRP
HA

How to Cite

[1]
Razaq, M., Qasim, A., Assim, T. and Ramzi, R. 2020. Combination of platelet-rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of moderate and severe osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Revmatologiia (Bulgaria). 28, ONLINE (Dec. 2020).

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of monthly intra-articular injection of combination of PRP and hyaluronic acid in improvement of outcome of knee OA. It was conducted as open clinical trial on a convenient sample of 17 patients with unilateral or bilateral symptomatic knee OA in rheumatology and orthopedic clinics at Al-Jumhoori Teaching Hospital in Mosul, Iraq during 1st of Jan to 30th Jun, 2018. The patients received intra-articular injection of combination of plate rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) monthly for three months. The outcome assessment was carried out 4 weeks after the last injection using WOMAC index. The results revealed that WOMAC index subscales was reduced significantly (p <0.001) after treatment by followings mean differences: 3.88 in pain (95% CI: 3.18-4.58); 1.29 in stiffness (95% CI: 0.85-1.73); 9.29 in physical function (95% CI: 6.70-11.88); and 14.47 in total score (95% CI: 11.20-17.73). The intervention effect size were as follows: 1.23 in pain; 1.49 in stiffness; 1.11 in physical function, and 1.20 in total WOMAC score. Overall, effect size of combination of PRP and HA intra-articular injection is classified as large effect size (> 0.8) in improving outcome of knee OA. A combination of PRP and HA has large synergistic effect size in improving outcome of moderate and severe OA of knee.

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