Relatives of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus - antinuclear antibodies, immunological profile and risk of developing the disease
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Penev, B., Vasilev, G., Kyurkchiev, D., & Monov, S. (2022). Relatives of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus - antinuclear antibodies, immunological profile and risk of developing the disease. Rheumatology (Bulgaria), 30(2), 68-84. https://doi.org/10.35465/30.2.2022.pp68-84

Abstract

Резюме. Системният лупус еритематозус е системно автоимунно заболяване, което в действителност започва години преди клиничното начало с поява на антинуклеарни антитела и имунологични признаци на дисрегулация в серума. Същевременно, поради тенденцията към фамилна агрегация, рискът за развитието на болест у роднините на болните и няколко десетки пъти по-голям. При изследвания, у роднините на болните се намират антинуклеарни антитела значително по-често отколкото в общата популация, а комбинация от повишени проинфламаторни и намалени регулаторни цитокини може да бъде предиктивна по отношение на рисковите индивиди, които следва да се предпазват от въздействието на рискови фактори или дори да предприемат профилактично медикаменти. Настоящият литературен обзор предлага обобщение на съвременните литературни данни по темата.

https://doi.org/10.35465/30.2.2022.pp68-84
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